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Those 'Elements and Principles of Design' are artistic tricks to fool (or hopefully please) the viewer's eye - they can be accomplished by any lens, whether it imparts any 3D/depth or not.
All part of the repertoire of the canny photographer to be sure, but cynical, unoriginal and cliched at the end of anyone's day.
In statistical terms these are among the factors to be adjusted for (i.e. removed from the analysis) to help arrive at the answer to the OP's question. He may be interested in choosing lenses that can add 3D to a non-contrived composition, one chosen instead...Show more →
While the examples are certainly over dramatized for emphasis, the principles have been used to much more subtle effect since the Renaissance. I think it's highly likely that the photo's many consider to exhibit 3D rendering employ some of these "artistic tricks".
For a lens to add to the effect of 3D, I think the image must first contain some of the above principles with the lens perhaps accentuating the illusion. As an example, I have noticed that many of the Zeiss lenses I have used really do something special with warm colors, particularly red, and also pump up the color contrast of most other colors. High acutance and micro-contrast also serve to enhance the graphic qualities of an image. This combo is likely what people refer to when they state the lens has a lot of "pop". Thus, this "pop" would over dramatize the effect of, for instance, warm colors coming towards us, particularly when combined with intensified graphic overlaps (microcontrast and acutance at work) and atmospheric backgrounds (atmosphere including out of focus backgrounds and weather conditions such as haze). Toss in a dark background combined with side lighting to emphasize volume and texture in your subject and you have some pretty compelling 3D. The originality or unoriginality is totally dependent on the photographer/ artist, not simply because basic design principles are used.