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Welcome, Brian. You've come to the right place for air-to-ground advice. Here are some simple rules for you...
- shoot at the highest shutter speed conditions allow. The smoother the air and the better your technique, the slower you can go, but there's little need for small apertures since most aerial subjects are effectively at infinity. For wide angle shots try and stay faster than 1/250 and with the longer lenses strive for 1/800 or better. That said, if you have to shoot slower take lots of frames and be prepared to throw most of them away.
- try and arrange for an open window or door to shoot through: plexiglas is a lousy optical medium. Most Cessna side windows will open all the way in flight if you remove one screw from the closer mechanism.
- leave your lens hoods on the ground and keep the lens barrel out of the airstream to reduce shake.
- the only part of you that touches the airframe should be your backside. Don't brace against anything, and don't let the camera touch anything: airframe vibrations will ruin your shots.
- don't change lenses in the air to avoid sensor contamination in the swirling cabin air: if you want to use two lenses, bring two bodies and leave the lenses on the whole time.
- I use the 70-200 for most overhead shots and the 24-70 for most landscapes. A wider lens isn't very useful because you'll end up with bits of the airplane in your frame.
- secure everything, including yourself! You don't want to lose anything out the door/window. Hats, eyeglasses, etc. tend to get sucked out the opening. I've seen news photos of a very expensive (and very dead) Canon lens that fell from an airplane: you don't want to be that guy. Don't stick anything out in the airstream.
Most great aerial photography is done in the hour or so around sunrise or sunset. The air is smoother in the morning, usually, but launching before dawn to be in position when the light is good can be unappealing. If you're shooting a mountain peak and also want light in the valley, expect some compromises on the light: the peak will be in full sun long before you can make out detail in the valley.
Now that you've found us, stick around! And by all means post your results from the shoot.