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Among Alaska's several salmon species, reds, silvers and the huge (sometimes over 50 lbs) king salmon are most prized by Alaskans to be taken home and cooked on the barbie.
Pink salmon are mostly canned commercially.
Chum salmon are often called dogfish; Alaskan friends told me that chum are fed to their dogs.
Salmon are born in streams and migrate to the nearest lake. Those that don't go to sea in a couple of years are called kokanee.
Steelhead salmon are actually trout that went to sea, grew big, and returned to their place of birth to spawn.
Record travelers are chum salmon. Some are born in the streams that form the headwaters of the Yukon River. They travel 2,000 miles to the sea, eat and grow, and then travel 2,000 miles up the Yukon River to spawn. And that's not counting the hundreds of miles they travel in the ocean, feeding.
Chinook salmon (aka king) can grow to weights over 100 lbs.
The heaviest (i.e. world record) chinook ever caught on light tackle was just over 97 lbs. It was caught on the lower Kenai River a few years before I worked at a lodge on the upper Kenai River.