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I have the Manfrotto 410 gear head, and have it adapted to use Arca Swiss compatable plates. But I only ever use it for special situations that need three axis adjustment. The 410 is a pain to use for general photography. You need to level the base in order to make the adjustments work out well and keep the scene level. The 410 is heavy and uses the special quick release plate, so you need to adapt that for Arca Swiss use. Some examples of the 410 gear head have had some issues with not locking tight, and the head uses internal lubricant that may cause problems at low temperature. And last of all, the 410 is very slow to use compared to a good ball head.
I would suggest you consider the Really Right Stuff BH-40 for a 2 series tripod, or the RRS BH-55 for a 3 series tripod. The RRS heads are made to operate with no lubricant on the ball, and work well at low temperatures in to the 20's. I have never used either at very low temperatures, but they should be fine. I especially love the smooth easy movement of the BH-55 when un locked, and the ease of quickly locking it in place with the lovely large locking knob.
If you plan on long exposure photography of any kind, you may want to go with a larger 3 series tripod, and a larger ball head like the BH-55. The better support can be helpful for getting good shots even with a small wide angle lens. If the cost of a 3 series is too much, you could consider looking for a used tripod, but I would suggest you stay with the Gitzo GT series with the improved leglock system.