Upload & Sell: Off
To prove copyright infringement, there first must be the following: 1) the alleged infringement bares substantial similarity to the original and 2) the alleged infringer had access to the original. Both seem to be the case, but depending on how the alleged infringer intended to use your photo, she can make a case for fair use.
See Columbia University's Fair Use checklist to see how this instance stacks up: http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/fair-use/fair-use-checklist/
Without knowing more, I'd lean toward non-fair use, but it really depends on the scope of the reproduction. Does Facebook point toward a more broad reproduction or the fact that the artist reproduced just one of your works (as far as this is concerned)? Also, does this photo affect the "Potential Market for or Value of the Work"? I would learn toward it not doing so.
And to answer your question, US Copyright laws absolutely protect the right to the creation of derivative works.
Keep in mind that none of the above is intended to be legal advise and is given solely for information purposes. For legal advise, consult a lawyer licensed to practice law in your state.