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| p.1 #4 · Calibrating NEC monitor with spectraview + colormunki for printer |
In theory no but in practice it is inevitable to some degree because few monitors can actually match prints precisely because frankly prints are so dull in most viewing conditions that you would think your monitor was defective if it was that dark. At least red on the monitor won't look purple on the print but the monitor red might be a bit brighter than the printed red, for example. The "white" light from most monitors is far brighter than the light reflected off white printer paper in most conditions. As an over-the-top but effective example consider that a picture of a light bulb displayed on your monitor can light a dark room but a print of that picture of the light bulb will never light up a dark room, so you can understand that an exact match between monitor and print cannot be guaranteed.
The principle is that the image file contains numbers that represent specific colours and tones in a specific working colour space (examples of which include sRGB, Adobe RGB 1998, etc.). The monitor calibration and profile combination allows you to see the most correct thing on the monitor, and the printer calibration and profile combination allow you to see the most correct thing on the prints - both without changing the numbers in the image file.
Calibration and profile are not the same thing. Calibration is basically the setting of user-adjustable controls such as brightness of the monitor or the viewing light for prints, and the profile is basically a conversion table that allows suitable software to translate the values in the image file so that they look right on the calibrated device. If you change or ignore the profile, or if you change the calibration, then things are likely to look wrong.